Endnotes [Chapters 1-5]

[skip to notes for chapters 6-11]


1 — “Something very terrible just happened” James Marino’s posts are at http://www.broadwaystars.com/news/2001_09_09_starchive.shtml#5625730.

4 — AP’s 8:55 AM report: http://www.interactivepublishing.net/september/browse .php?time=2001-09-11-9#

4 — Metafilter’s 8:58 AM report: http://www.metafilter.com/10034/

4 — “at these times there’s two types” Justin Hall’s 9/11 post is at http://www.links.net/daze/01/09/attack.html.

4 — Evan Williams’s page aggregating Blogger posts from 9/11 is at http://web.ahttp://www.pewinternet.org/report_display.asp?r=69 is the most comprehensive.

7 — “Only through the human stories” Nick Denton in The Guardian, at http://web.archive.org/web/20010921095958/www.guardian.co.uk/Archive/Article/0,4273,4260486,00.html.

7 — “When the Maine was sunk” David Weinberger, JOHO, Sept. 27, 2001, at http://www.hyperorg.com/backissues/joho-sep27-01.html#news.

7 — blogging had “come of age” In CNET, at http://www.news.com/2010-1071-81560.html?legacy=cnet.

9 — A version of Tim Berners-Lee’s W3 Servers page can be found at http://www.w3.org/History/ 19921103-hypertext/hypertext/DataSources/WWW/Servers.html. Note that this represents the page as of Nov. 3, 1992. In correspondence via email, Berners-Lee recalled that the top portion of the page’s list was organized in a reverse chronology, with the newest additions added to the top, though none are dated.

10 — “everybody should be using the Web” This and following quotations taken from author interview with Andreessen, Feb. 29, 2008.

10 — NCSA What’s New page http://web.archive.org/web/20020623141952/http://wp.netscape.com/home/whatsnew/whats_new_0693.html

10 — The top of the page would display first Joshua Quittner and Michelle Slatalla, Speeding the Net: The Inside Story of Netscape and How It Challenged Microsoft (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1998), p. 126.

11 — “The initial WorldWideWeb program opened” Tim Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web By Its Inventor (HarperSanFrancisco, 1999), p. 157.

12 — “By many measures . . . the Web reached” Michael Hiltzik in the Los Angeles Times, Aug. 13, 1997, reposted by CNN Interactive at http://www.cnn.com/TECH/9708/13/web.substance.lat/index.html.

12 — most of the Web was “crap” Michael Kinsley, quoted by Howard Kurtz in the Washington Post, “Kinsley Tabs Over to On-Line Magazine for Microsoft,” Nov. 7, 1995.

12 — “The first time you go on the Web” Michael Kinsley, interviewed in Folio magazine, Feb 1, 1997, at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3065/is_n2_v26/ai_19077993.


18 — “It’s so much fun . . . putting everything out there” Justin Hall on camera in Home Page, 1998 documentary film by Doug Block.

18 — “I really enjoy urinating” http://www.links.net/daze/05/01/02/whew.html

18 — “smart, motivated gal” http://www.links.net/daze/05/01/02/meet_an_angel.html

18 — In their place was a little search box You can trace the changes on Hall’s home page via the snapshots captured by the Internet Archive at http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://links.net.

18 — Dark Night video: http://www.links.net/daze/05/01/14/dark_night_flick.html

20 — “raised by a series of nannies” http://www.links.net/vita/

20 — “It wasn’t just a bunch of fifteen-year-olds” This and following quotations not otherwise sourced are from interviews with the author conducted in 2008.

20 — “a map to the buried treasures” John Markoff’s Dec. 8, 1993, New York Times article about the new World Wide Web is at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE1D6113FF93BA35751C1A965958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all.

21 — Justin Hall’s first Web page is at http://web.archive.org/web/19980128021607/ links.net/vita/web/start/original.html.

21 — “Ranjit’s HTTP playground” http://web.archive.org/web/19990203094324/http:// www.moonmilk.com/playground.html

22 — “lunch server” http://www.moonmilk.com/previous/miscellany/lunch.html. Bhatnagar, in an interview with the author, says he got the idea from another Internet user named Sho Kuwamoto, who’d offered his lunch information each day via his “.plan” file — a sort of personal-bio dossier that early Internet users creatively repurposed. “It was a fun tiny bit of personal information, like a proto Twitter,” Bhatnagar says.

23 — “Either the guy was such a brazen suckup” Howard Rheingold tells the story of his meeting Hall at http://www.well.com/~hlr/jam/justin/justin.html.

24 — “The era of public-access Internet has come to an end” Louis Rossetto’s quote is in Gary Wolf, Wired: A Romance (Random House, 2003), p. 113.

26 — “Prodigious Personal Publishing Potential” http://www.links.net/webpub/

26 — “We abide by the principle which dictates” Suck’s manifesto is reprinted in Joey Anuff and Ana Marie Cox, eds., Suck: Worst-case Scenarios in Media, Culture, Advertising, and the Internet (Wired, 1997), page viii. Matt Sharkey wrote a thorough history of Suck.com at http://www.keepgoing.org/issue20_giant/the_big_fish.html.

27 — “probably the folks in the room” http://www.links.net/vita/hw/third.html

27 — “daily thoughts, a useful notion” http://www.links.net/daze/96/01/10/

28 — Cyborganic Jeff Goodell wrote a profile of Cyborganic and its creators, titled “The Webheads on Ramona Street,” in Rolling Stone, Nov. 30, 1995.

29 — “am I afraid that my 5 year old nephew” http://www.justin.org/law/cda/protect.html

31 — “There was always a German camera crew” Author interview with Gary Wolf, May 12, 2008.

32– A famous magazine cover Widely quoted on the Web in this form and credited to a magazine titled Sniffin Glue, the original is reprinted in Jon Savage, England’s Dreaming (St. Martin’s, 1992), p. 280, and is actually from the Dec. 1976 issue of Sideburns. The exact text here reads: “This is a chord. This is another. This is a third. NOW FORM A BAND.”

33 — “The Wyrd of Wired” http://www.links.net/vita/swat/course/histlang/wyrd.html

35 — “You know how cats’ dicks swell up” http://www.links.net/vita/corp/catdick/

35 — “hordes of voyeurs discovered legions of exhibitionists” Wolf, Wired, p. 138.

36 — “What does everyone think of Justin?” This anecdote is from the Home Page documentary.

36 — “Neither one of my parents” Hall onscreen in Home Page.

37 — “NewDirections” . . . “If everyone was to tell” http://www.links.net/share/speak/ndn/pubpower.html

39 — “You can’t tell whether he’s kidding” Author interview with Howard Rheingold, April 15, 2008.

39 — “Time to get a life” San Francisco Chronicle, Feb. 20, 2005, at http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2005/02/20/MNGBKBEJO01.DTL.

40 — “Something deep in me was being fed” Hall’s post is at http://www.links.net/daze/05/01/07/wordless.html. Subsequent comments are at http://www.links.net/daze/05/01/07/wordless-comments.html.

42 — “Everyone has a website” Author interview with Merci Hammon via email.


46 — He sent Canter’s invitation The first DaveNet message is at http://www.scripting.com/davenet/1994/10/07/marccantersingsagain.html. The complete DaveNet archive is at http://www.scripting.com/davenet/index.html.

47 — “Bill Gates vs. the Internet” DaveNet essay at http://www.scripting.com/davenet/1994/10/18/billgatesvstheinternet.html. Gates’s response: DaveNet essay at http://www.scripting.com/davenet/1994/10/27/replyfrombillgates.html.

48 — John Seabrook’s “Email from Bill”: The New Yorker, Jan. 10, 1994, http://www.booknoise.net/johnseabrook/stories/technology/email/index.html.

50 — “Ask any expert who’s been interviewed” Dave Winer, April 16, 2004, posting on the BloggerCon site at http://www.bloggercon.org/2004/04/16.

50 The San Francisco Free Press is archived at http://www.well.com/conf/media/SF_Free_Press/.

50 — “When I first understood how the Web worked” This and other direct quotations are from a series of author interviews with Dave Winer in 2008.

51 — “Billions of Websites” DaveNet essay at http://www.scripting.com/davenet/1995/02/18/billionsofwebsites.html.

52 — “We make shitty software” DaveNet essay at http://www.scripting.com/davenet/1995/09/03/wemakeshittysoftware.html.

52 — “A Tough Customer” DaveNet essay at http://www.scripting.com/davenet/1995/02/12/atoughcustomer.html.

55 — Winer sat in a crowd of the industry elite Winer’s account of the Ellison encounter is at http://www.scripting.com/davenet/1996/10/24/QueSeraSera.html. Other details confirmed in author email interview with Stewart Alsop.

55 — “All my life, I’ve placed the highest value” Winer’s first column for Hotwired is at http://web.archive.org/web/20010610045754/hotwired.lycos.com/davenet/95/29/index4a.html.

56 Newsweek’s 1995 list of the fifty “Most Influential People to Watch in Cyberspace” is at http://www.newsweek.com/id/106555.

56 — “I’m zooooooooming!” Suck’s DaveNet parody is at http://web.archive.org/web/20040226210138/suck.com/daily/1996/01/12/.

57 — “I’m right, therefore you’re wrong” Winer’s “flame-reduction suggestion” column from Hotwired is at http://web.archive.org/web/20010609040625/hotwired.lycos.com/davenet/96/16/index4a.html.

58 — The 24 Hours of Democracy project is archived at http://www.scripting.com/twentyFour/.

59 — The “news page” for the 24 Hours of Democracy project is at http://www.scripting.com/twentyfour/news.html.

59 — Earliest archives of Frontier News & Updates page are listed at http://web.archive.org/web/19970415002457/http://www.scripting.com/frontier/admin/oldNewsPages/default.html. The earliest entry, from April 27, 1996, is at http://web.archive.org/web/19970219204546/www.scripting.com/frontier/admin/oldNewsPages/archives96/jun.html.

59 — Winer changed the name The first page labeled Scripting News, from February 1997, is at http://web.archive.org/web/19970721193700/www.scripting.com/frontier/admin/oldNewsPages/archives97/feb.html.

60 — “Your website has finally started to make sense” Eric Sink’s email is at http://www.scripting.com/mail/mail981228.html.

63 — “Almost all the other elements can be missing” Dave Winer, “What makes a weblog a weblog?” May 23, 2003, at http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/whatmakesaweblogaweblog.html.

65 — Third Voice debate Rogers Cadenhead’s first message is at http://lists.userland.com/userLandDiscussArchive/msg011525.html. “If any Third Voice users are tuned in”: http://static.userland.com/userLandDiscussArchive/msg011532.html.

65 — “I would certainly object” http://lists.userland.com/userLandDiscussArchive/msg011537.html.

66 — “So much for my theory” http://static.userland.com/userLandDiscussArchive/msg012301.html

67 — “I’m still spending a lot of time” Winer shuts down Userland discussion group, at http://static.userland.com/userLandDiscussArchive/msg021856.html.

67 — “I admire his intellect” Greg Knauss, author email interview, May 2008.

67 Winerlog is archived at http://web.archive.org/web/20010221070007/winerlog.editthispage.com/2000/03/02.

68 — one incident, in May 2000 http://web.archive.org/web/20010124201300/http://flounder.editthispage.com/discuss/msgReader$177. Also discussed on Metafilter at http://www.metafilter.com/1580/

69 — “He should get an iPhone” http://twitter.com/davewiner/statuses/137599502. Winer’s comment responds to http://pulverblog.pulver.com/archives/007195.html

69 — “People aren’t supposed to listen” http://www.scripting.com/2007/07.html

70 — Video of Jason Calacanis at Gnomedex is at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C4iTTKF2bkg.

71 — “I hate speeches that are ads” http://www.scripting.com/2007/08/10.html

71 — “What perplexes me is why Dave” http://calacanis.com/2007/08/11/on-getting-winered/

71 — “I wish I hadn’t done it” http://www.scripting.com/stories/2007/08/13/apologiesToCalacanis.html

71 — “Today I got a brief note” http://www.scripting.com/stories/2007/08/16/aSacredLine.html

72 — “A sure way to become a former friend” http://www.scripting.com/stories/2007/08/17/friendshipAndBlogging.html”>


75 — “It feels to me like we’ve got” William Gibson interview at http://www.salon.com/weekly/gibson2961014.html.

76 — “worked on self-discovery” Jorn Barger, “My background in AI,” http://web.archive.org/web/20060314214425/www.robotwisdom.com/ai/jbai.html.

76 — “Joyce modestly bragged” This and subsequent otherwise unattributed quotes are from author email interview with Barger, March 2008.

76 — “do psychology scientifically” From “Portrait of the Blogger as a Young Man,” Julian Dibbell’s profile of Barger in Feed, May 3, 2000, at http://www.juliandibbell.com/texts/feed_blogger.html.

76 — “Literature . . . is descriptive psychology” From Barger’s profile on Epinions, at http://web.archive.org/web/20060623120148/www.epinions.com/user-jorn.

76 — building a file of index cards A full account of Barger’s AI ideas can be found beginning at http://web.archive.org/web/20060314212941/www.robotwisdom.com/ai/index.html.

76 — “Anti-Math” Details at http://web.archive.org/web/20060314202426/http://www.robotwisdom.com/ai/antimath.html and http://web.archive.org/web/20060314233535/www.robotwisdom.com/ai/antimath1.html.

77 — “If you enumerate” http://web.archive.org/web/20060314214315/www.robotwisdom.com/ai/ilsmemoir.html

77 — “a new paradigm for the social sciences” From “Solace,” at http://web.archive.org/web/20060314212952/www.robotwisdom.com/solace/index.html.

78 — Barger and Roger Schank: http://web.archive.org/web/20060314214315/www.robotwisdom.com/ai/ilsmemoir.html

78 Barger’s history on Usenet: http://web.archive.org/web/20060314204152/www.robotwisdom.com/jorn/internet.html

78 “A lightning-rod for a-holes” From a “wikipedia template” of autobiographical information Barger posted in 2007, at http://robotwisdom2.blogspot.com/2007/08/jorn-barger-wikipedia-template.html.

78 — “By that point . . . the Web had grown into” From “The Human Behind Robot Wisdom,” 1999 interview with Barger, at http://www.webword.com/interviews/barger.html.

78 — “finding good stuff and arranging it” . . . “At first I didn’t intend” Author’s email interview with Barger.

80 — “It was a way for me to play” Author interview with Michael Sippey, April 2008.

80 — The earliest extant entry on the Obvious Filter from May 28, 1997, is at http://web.archive.org/web/19971015050716/theobvious.com/filter/filter0597.html.

80 — That didn’t stop several media outlets “Blogs turn 10 — who’s the father?”, CNET, March 20, 2007, at http://news.com.com/In+search+of+the+creator+of+the+first+blog/2100-1025_3-6168681.html; “Happy Blogiversary,” Wall Street Journal, July 14, 2007, at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB118436667045766268.html.

80 — Steve Bogart’s NowThis.com is at http://nowthis.com/oldsite/ and http://nowthis.com/oldsite/archive/. The earliest archives for Harold Stusnick’s Offhand Remarks are available from 1999 at http://web.archive.org/web/20000818154140/www.offhand.com/archive/index.html. Howard Rheingold’s earliest “What’s New and Rheingoldian?” page is at http://www.well.com/~hlr/oldnew1.html.

82 — “I try to make it my ethic” From Dibbell’s “Portrait of the Blogger as a Young Man.”

83 — Matt Drudge as “the Walter Cronkite of his era” from Mark Halperin and John Harris, The Way to Win: Taking the White House in 2008 (Random House, 2006).

83 — “the most powerful journalist in America” Pat Buchanan on MSNBC’s Scarborough Country, Oct. 17, 2006, transcript at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15317544/.

83 — Philip Weiss’s New York profile of Drudge is at http://nymag.com/news/media/36617/.

84-85 — Drudge’s income: Richard Pachter’s 2003 profile of Drudge for the Miami Herald at http://www.wordsonwords.com/reviews/Drudge903.html included Drudge’s estimate of $1.2 million revenue at that time.

85 — Jesse James Garrett was working Author interview with Garrett, April 2008.

86 — Early editions of CamWorld’s blogroll are not archived in the Internet Archive.
CORRECTION: The blogroll survives here. Thanks to Rudolf Ammann for the fix.

86 — Barrett was teaching an introductory Web class Author interview with Barrett, March 2008.

89 — Rebecca Blood’s history of weblogs essay: http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html. Blood’s observation of discovering her true interests through blogging is also described in her Weblog Handbook (Perseus, 2002), p. 30.

89 — Leslie Harpold’s “Logrolling” essay from Smug.com: http://web.archive.org/web/19990824022812/http://www.smug.com/29/net.html.

89 — Ben Brown’s “Open Letter” in Teethmag.com: http://web.archive.org/web/19990921080253/http://www.teethmag.com/showart.pl?pid=50

92 — “I live on bread and water” From Dibbell’s “Portrait of the Blogger as a Young Man.”

92-93 — “I have a gigantic psychological block” Barger as quoted in Wired News at http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2003/12/61458.

93 — Paul Boutin’s Wired story: http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/13.07/posts.html?pg=6. Boutin’s blog corrects the headline: http://paulboutin.weblogger.com/2005/07/03/jorn-barger-lost-found-lost-again/.

93 — “libelous fiction” http://robotwisdom2.blogspot.com/2007/08/jorn-barger-wikipediatemplate.html

93 — “He’s shy” Author interview with Andrew Orlowski, June 2008.

93 — On December 26, 1999, he’d posted a link http://web.archive.org/web/20000817182540/http://www.robotwisdom.com/log1999m12b.html

93 — a writer named Leonard Grossman http://lgrossman.com/mjnk/mjnk0001.htm

94 — “Webloggers gamble their reputation” Barger’s post was on Philip Greenspun’s discussion boards, at http://www.greenspun.com/bboard/q-and-a-fetch-msg.tcl?msg_id=002IfK.

95 — “Is Judaism simply a religion” Barger’s link is at http://web.archive.org/web/20010118201600/http://www.robotwisdom.com/.

95 — “Are Jews incapable of polite discourse?” Posted on Philip Greenspun’s discussion board at http://greenspun.com/bboard/q-and-a-fetch-msg.tcl?msg_id=004ImF.

96 — Barger pinpointed his post about Shahak http://robotwisdom2.blogspot.com/2006/12/my-spiritualesthetic-evolutioneducation.html


101 — In May 1999, Peter Merholz Merholz’s account of the origins of the term is at http://www.peterme.com/archives/00000205.html. The original note in the lefthand column is not archived anywhere. UPDATE NOTE FROM PRINT EDITION: I was wrong; the page is at the Internet Archive at http://web.archive.org/web/19991013021124/http://peterme.com/index.html

103 — “That seemed like a great idea” This and subsequent otherwise uncredited quotes are from author interview with Williams, August 2007.

104 — Meg Hourihan was her name This story and all otherwise unattributed material about Hourihan is from author interview with Hourihan, March 2008.

105 — “A friend told me this story” From Meg Hourihan’s Megnut blog, April 14, 2000, at http://meg.hourihan.com/2000/04/ive-been-thinking-a-lot.

106 — “New Evidence Suggests” Evan Williams blog post from November 1998, at http://web.archive.org/web/19990911164858/evhead.com/column.asp?id=3.

109 — Pyralerts are archived at http://web.archive.org/web/20000523150605/www.pyra.com/pyralert_archive.asp.

110 — “The idea was that we’d network” Author interview with Bausch, April 2008.

110 — the beta version of the Pyra app Details at http://web.archive.org/web/20010212054142/www.pyra.com/1999_08_01_pyralert_archive.asp.

112 — In Seattle, a freshman programming prodigy LiveJournal details are from Brad Fitzpatrick’s account of the origins of LiveJournal at http://bradfitz.com/misc/bct/, as well as author interview with Fitzpatrick, January 2009.

113 — Paul Kedrosky had converted his personal weblog Author interview with Paul Kedrosky, July 2008. Kedrosky’s brief history of Groksoup is at http://paul.kedrosky.com/archives/2004/08/09/groksoup_and_th.html.

113 — “I’m just a bad business guy” Author interview with Andrew Smales, July 2008.

114 — “My Ass is a Weblog” Greg Knauss writing on Michael Sippey’s Stating the Obvious, at http://www.theobvious.com/archive.html?112299.

114 — “It’s much easier to feel like you’re tuned in” February 2001 interview with Evan Williams at writetheweb.com, http://web.archive.org/web/20011120165654/http://writetheweb.com/read.php?item=107.

115 — Rebecca Blood . . . suggested From “Weblogs: A History and Perspective,” at http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html.

115 — In February 2000, Wired News took note Leander Kahney’s piece is at http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2000/02/34006.

115 On April 14 the official Blogger news page http://web.archive.org/web/20011003223424/www.blogger.com/news_archive.pyra?which=2000_04_01_ news_archive.xml

119 — he didn’t want to be the “asshole” This quotation is from the interview with Williams in Founders at Work: Stories of Startups’ Early Days (Apress, 2007), p. 118.

119 — Both Paul Bausch and Matt Haughey remember thinking Author interviews with Bausch and Haughey, April 2008.

120 — “You’ve Got Blog” Rebecca Mead’s New Yorker piece is at http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2000/11/13/2000_11_13_102_TNY_LIBRY_000022068, and also reprinted in We’ve Got Blog: How Weblogs Are Changing Our Culture (Perseus, 2002).

120 — “And Then There Was One” http://web.archive.org/web/20011214143830/http://www.evhead.com/longer/2200706_essays.asp

121 — “It seems stupid now” Matt Haughey’s account of Pyra’s shutdown is at http://www.haughey.com/pyra.html.

121 — “I loved Blogger more than Pyra” Paul Bausch’s thoughts on the Pyra shutdown are at http://web.archive.org/web/20010208104656/http://onfocus.com/pyra.asp.

122 — “On January 16th, every employee” Hourihan’s post is at http://web.archive.org/web/20010917033719/http://www.megnut.com/archive.asp?which=2001_02_01_archive.inc.

123 — “As a believer in weblogging” Dan Bricklin’s post on the Trellix/Blogger deal is at http://danbricklin.com/log/blogger.htm.

124 — “The Idealist,” by Alex Lash, The Industry Standard, May 28, 2001, at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0HWW/is_21_4/ai_75532465/pg_13.

125 — “We said there are three companies” Author interview with Jason Shellen, August 2008. Other details on the Google negotiations are from author email interview with Mark Jacobsen of O’Reilly, December 2008.

126 — Google had no history Before the Blogger deal, Google had previously bought Deja News, which maintained an archive of Usenet, but that deal involved acquiring the archive as an asset, not integrating a functioning company with a working team of employees.

126 — “The Blogger Effect” Steven Johnson’s article, “Use the Blog, Luke,” is at http://dir.salon.com/story/tech/feature/2002/05/10/blogbrain/index.html.

127 — Terms of the deal have never It’s difficult to calculate how much the deal was worth to Williams even if we knew the terms — for instance, how many Google shares he ended up with. Since Google was a private company at the time, there is no public record of its stock price or total valuation. Even if we knew or could guess what Google might have pegged Pyra’s value at in 2003 — $25 million was a number bandied about at the time — we don’t know how many Google shares that translated into then. Furthermore, we don’t know at which point in the meteoric post-IPO climb of Google’s stock price Williams might have sold shares, or how many.

128 — from three thousand accounts in early 2000 This figure is drawn from http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2000/02/34006.

128 — 100,000 a year later The number is from “Who’s Blogging Now?” Newsweek, March 5, 2001, at http://www.newsweek.com/id/80101/page/2.

128 — Over a million . . . at the time of the Google deal http://searchenginewatch.com/showPage.html?page=2161891.

129 — “profoundly, spectacularly, epically wrong” Knauss, from author email interview, May 2008.

130 — In a talk at a 2007 conference Williams’s talk at the Web 2.0 Conference was covered at http://www.informationweek.com/blog/main/archives/2007/10/liveblogging_we_2.html.


132 — But he found himself frustrated Author interview with Josh Marshall, April 2008. Also “The (Josh) Marshall Plan,” by David Glenn, Columbia Journalism Review, Sept. 2007, at http://www.cjr.org/feature/the_josh_marshall_plan.php ?page=all.

132 — the first post at a new blog http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/ week_2000_11_12.php

134 — “There was hardly any curiosity” Author interview with Dan Gillmor, August 2008.

135 — “I didn’t know it was a blog” Author interview with Mickey Kaus, August 2008.

136 — each time he needed to post something new Author email interview with Andrew Sullivan, August 2008.

136 — “With only a few hundred readers” “A Blogger Manifesto,” Andrew Sullivan, February 2002, at http://web.archive.org/web/20020329011512/http://www.andrewsullivan.com/print.php?artnum=20020224.

137 — Earliest entries from Bob Somerby’s Daily Howler: http://www.dailyhowler.com /archives_98.shtml. From Virginia Postrel’s The Scene, http://www.dynamist.com /weblog/archives/2000/dec25.html. From Glenn Reynolds’ Instapundit, http://www.pajamasmedia.com/instapundit-archive/oldarchives/2001_08_05_instapundit_ archive.html.

138 — “marinating in the deeper wells” Author email interview with Matt Welch, August 2008.

138 — “Welcome to War” http://www.mattwelch.com/archives/2001/09/ 16-week/.

139 — “a linebacker-style hit” Matt Welch, “Farewell to Warblogging,” Reason, April 2006, at http://www.reason.com/news/show/33290.html.

139 — “I was a block away from the South Tower” Author interview with Jeff Jarvis, March 2008.

140 — “a conservative is a liberal who has been mugged” Jeff Jarvis interview at http://normblog.typepad.com/normblog/2003/12/the_normblog_pr_2.html.

140 — Charles Johnson self-description as “center-liberal” is at http://www.israelnational news.com/News/News.aspx/62000.

140 — “The ‘war bloggers’ are like 1998 all over again” Private email from Matt Haughey to Jesse James Garrett’s weblogs mailing list, January 2002. Used with permission.

141 — “Blood’s Law of Weblog History” Rebecca Blood on Rebecca’s Pocket, January 6, 2004, at http://www.rebeccablood.net/archive/2004/01.html.

141 — Anil Dash . . . offered a corollary From Dash’s link blog at http://web.archive.org/web/20040404093501/www.dashes.com/links/archives/20040104.php.

142 — Earliest posts for Atrios’s Eschaton are at http://www.eschatonblog.com/2002_04_14_archive.html. For Jerome Armstrong’s MyDD: http://web.archive.org/web/ 20020601100213/www.mydd.com/archives/. For Markos Moulitsas Zuniga’s Daily Kos: http://web.archive.org/web/20021115215215/http://www.dailykos.com/archives/2002_05.html.

142 — “One of my biggest pet peeves” Interview with Markos Moulitsas Zuniga in David Kline and Dan Burstein, Blog! How the Newest Media Revolution is Changing Politics, Business and Culture (CDS Books, 2005), p. 48.

144 — A brief Friday morning item in the Note http://abcnews.go.com/sections/ politics/DailyNews/TheNote_Dec6.html

144 — Thomas Edsall followed up “Lott Decried for Part of Salute to Thurmond,” Washington Post, Dec. 7, 2002, at http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wpdyn%3Fpagename=article&contentId=A20730-2002Dec6&notFound=true.

144 — Two leading political Web ‘zines Joe Conason in Salon at http://dir.salon.com/story/politics/conason/2002/12/09/lott/index.html, Tim Noah in Slate at http://www.slate.com/?id=2075151.

145 “– Trent Lott deserves the shit he’s getting” Glenn Reynolds at http://www.pajamasmedia.com/instapundit-archive/archives/005985.php.

145 — “Oh, what could have been!!!” This and subsequent Marshall quotations on Lott are at http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/week_2002_12_01.php, and http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/week_2002_12_08.php.

145 — “he waited to post it until he could confirm it” Marshall discusses this at http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/146816.php.

146 — “The Internet’s First Scalp” John Podhoretz in the New York Post, Dec. 13, 2002, at http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.nypost.com/postopinion/opedcolumnists/51499.htm.

146 — A detailed case study . . . by Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government Archived at http://web.archive.org/web/20040412233307/http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/presspol/Research_Publications/Case_Studies/1731_0.pdf.

146 — “must reading for the politically curious” Paul Krugman in the New York Times, Dec. 13, 2002, at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9803E4DE103AF930A25751C1A9649C8B63.

147 — Marshall finished the dissertation’s final draft http://talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/147013.php

148 — Kos traced the core of his community He tells the story at http://www.dailykos.com/story/2004/8/5/35451/65527/473/42251.

148 — Goddard welcomed the influx Author interview with Taegan Goddard, August 2008.

150 — “I had learned my lessons from Political Wire”; “I actually didn’t think anyone would use the diaries” http://www.dailykos.com/story/2004/8/5/35451/65527/473/42251

150 — “screw them” http://www.dailykos.com/story/2004/4/1/144156/3224

150 — “I was the one war critic” Kos interview in Kline and Burstein, Blog!, p. 42.

152 — “It’s 2001, and we can Fact Check your ass” Ken Layne on his blog, Dec. 9, 2001, at http://web.archive.org/web/20011214072915/http://kenlayne.com/2000/2001_ 12_09_logarc.html#7775214.

155 “For the first time in six decades” Peter Wehner’s memo is quoted at http://msnbc.msn.com/id/6791950/ and http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/149796.php.

155 — “abolishing Social Security isn’t just any issue” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/149772.php

155 — “This isn’t about financing” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/004 236.php

156 — “All the folks who cover the White House” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/150038.php

156 — “Do journalists really have to genuflect” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/149970.php

157 — “Making the elimination of Social Security” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/004236.php

157 — “Where do your representatives and senators stand” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/149700.php

157 — “Stop what you’re doing! Spit out your drink!” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/2005_01_27.php

158 — “The bamboozlepalooza begins!” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/150018.php

159 — 600,000 monthly visitors As reported at the time on the site for Blogads, which sold TPM’s advertising, at http://web.archive.org/web/20050111043530/http://www.blogads.com/order.

159 — “It would have been impossible for me” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/005312.php

160 — “the edge of my comfort zone” Author interview with Marshall, April 2008. 160 Marshall’s George Polk Award announced at http://www.brooklyn.liu.edu/polk/press/2007.html.

162 — “Schlesinger’s wife asked me to explain” http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/147911.php

162 — “I hate the bloggers!” Video of John McCain’s comment is at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6o07p7JyzuY.

163 — “talk about a direct IV” Dan Bartlett’s quotation is from an interview in Texas Monthly, Jan. 2008, at http://www.texasmonthly.com/2008-01-01/talks-2.php.

163 — “can’t decide between loving the big media” Mattthew Klam, “Fear and Laptops on the Campaign Trail,” The New York Times Magazine, Sep. 26, 2004, at http://www.nytimes.com/2004/09/26/magazine/26BLOGS.html.

163 — “If I had quickly happened into a staff position” Noam Cohen, “Blogger, Sans Pajamas, Rakes Muck and a Prize,” New York Times, Feb. 25, 2008, at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/25/business/media/25marshall.html.

164 — “What I backed into” Klam, “Fear and Laptops.”

On to notes for chapters 6-11